International scientific conference in Katowice

The future of scientific research in light of authorship laws, researcher's ethical codes and government evaluations of the quality of research

On January 31 – February 1, the Polish-U.S. Fulbright Commission together with the University of Silesia’s Faculty of Law and Administration organized an international scientific conference titled  “The future of scientific research in light of authorship laws, researcher’s ethical codes and government evaluations of the quality of research. The conference was held in Katowice at the University of Silesia’s Faculty of Law and Administration and gathered around 130 participants.

The first day of the conference centered around the authorship of scientific works in the humanities, social sciences and natural sciences with talks delivered by speakers from Katowice, Krakow and Warsaw. 

In their presentations, the speakers highlighted the value of the authorship law for researchers i.e. what does it look like today and what it might look like in the future, and pondered upon whether the copyright law actually serves the author. Subsequent panels, foregrounded the issue of copyright from the perspective of specialists in the field of law, active lawyers, as well as researchers who specialize in natural sciences.

The panelists underlined the importance of teaching critical thinking and work ethics, as well as  emphasized that plagiarism might be facilitated by the fact that scientists are constantly being pressured to publish and their financial security is dependent on the number of publications. They discussed the relationship between global development and the number of patents, and the level of copyright protection in certain countries including the difference between more- and less-developed countries in this context. The speakers provided numerous examples of how the context of copyright has changed in the past few decades: the number of authors per work, as well as the importance of knowledge transfer, international exchange, and global availability of publications. They also confronted the audience with somewhat unusual questions, such as whether the bachelor’s thesis should be protected by the authorship law, and whether it is possible to commit plagiarism and self-plagiarism at the same time.

The first day has offered a fresh look at the authorship law and a reflection upon whether the current law and regulations match the reality, the new challenges in the field of technology and organization of scientific work, as well as the authors’ / researchers’ needs.

The second day focused on research quality assessment and evaluation in the context of higher education reform. Our guest speakers from Denmark, Norway, France, the Netherlands and USA shared their countries’ experience related to the commercialization of science, the organization of research, and the impact of publication policy on the humanities and social sciences. They also raised an important question of whether one should favor publications in English over those written in national languages, and pointed out the difference between the internationally recognized journals vs. the local ones.

This international conference has provided an opportunity for scientists to meet up, engage in vibrant discussions, and exchange their ideas, knowledge and experiences. Positive feedback from the conference participants shows us that this opportunity has been well taken advantage of:

The meeting allowed us to confront publication requirements (dictated by the Legislator, requirements often unreal and unfair), with the applicable law (including the Constitution of the Republic of Poland), and above all the ethics of scientific research, which we tend to forget about when “chasing” the much-needed points. The confrontation of the perspectives of representatives of natural and legal sciences, though not easy, thanks to the atmosphere of understanding and respect (and often with the help of distance and sense of humor) was fruitful and stimulating. Thank you for reminding us about the importance of the research team’s mentor and his/her role in shaping the attitudes of future researchers – it is especially important for novice managers of project teams. In teams of young people we should teach the principles of cooperation (and co-authorship) as soon as possible – both because they are codified in law, but above all because this is part of good practice and ethics. Without such teams, especially in natural sciences, no “200” would be created, no “slot” would be filled and no research projects would be conducted.

-Karolina Rudnicka from the Gastro Immunology Laboratory of the Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection (Lodz University)

The conference was jointly organized by the Polish-U.S. Fulbright Commission and the Faculty of Law and Administration of the University of Silesia. The conference was supported by Facultas Iuridica Foundation and co-financed by the U.S. Department of State.

Patronage: Constitutional Law Review

Download the conference materials below (PDF file, partly in Polish, partly in English). Several talks will be published in the form of articles in the Constitutional Law Review in 2020.

“Thank you for the opportunity to participate in such a wonderful and timely event (…) for stimulating discussions, fruitful debates and a great organizational setting”

-Karolina Rudnicka (Lodz University)

“It was an inspirational intellectual feast … hopefully not the only one.”

-Małgorzata Babula (WSPiA University of Rzeszow)

“Many thanks for the possibility to participate in this conference. It motivated me in terms of my administrative work in the field of the sciences, as well as in my own research. The topics, presentations and the selection of speakers were at the highest level!”

-Magdalena Karciarz (University of Lower Silesia)

PHOTOS

Photo credit: Anna Kertyczak and Katarzyna Anders

PRESENTERS

Hartman

Prof. Jan Hartman

Collegium Medicum of the Jagiellonian University

Prof. Hartman delivered an introductory lecture entitled "Academic policy vs. academic culture."

Director of the Department of Philosophy and Bioethics at the Jagiellonian University Collegium Medicum.
He specializes in metaphilosophy, philosophy of politics, ethics and bioethics. Born in 1967 in Wrocław, graduate of John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin.
He obtained his Ph.D. and habilitation from the Jagiellonian University in the field of metaphilosophy. He was granted the title of Full Professor in 2008.
Author of numerous books (including collected works and textbooks) in various branches of philosophy - ontology, metaphilosophy, bioethics, ethics.
Major works: “Philosophical heuristics” (1997), “Techniques of metaphilosophy” (2001), “Knowledge - being - human. From main concepts in philosophy” (2011).
Besides academic activities, Prof. Hartman is an opinion writer for newspapers and magazines. He is also the editor of philosophical journal “Principia.”
More information available online: www.iphils.uj.edu.pl/~j.hartman
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Dr Sybila Stanisławska-Kloc

Sybilla Stanisławska-Kloc, Ph.D.

Jagiellonian University

Dr. Stanisławska-Kloc delivered a speech entitled "Scientific plagiarism – violation of the authorship right."

She works at the Intellectual Property Law Department of the Jagiellonian University (Department of Copyright), a specialist in copyright. A graduate of the Faculty of Law and Administration of the Jagiellonian University, where she obtained her Ph.D. She completed legal (judge) and advocate training, is a court mediator, and member of Polish Copyright Commission.

The author of the monograph “Protection of databases” and the author (co-author) of scientific and popular publications in the field of intellectual property law, including: fair use of works (use of works in libraries, right of quotation - citation), digital libraries, orphan works, plagiarism and self-plagiarism. He is preparing a habilitation dissertation on the issue of protection of the right to authorship and plagiarism. She is co-author of the commentary to Polish Act on Copyright and Related Rights (2015).

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Dr Michał Markiewicz

Michał Markiewicz, Ph.D.

Jagiellonian University

Dr. Markiewicz delivered a speech entitled "Co-authored works."

Assistant professor at the Intellectual Property Law Department of the Jagiellonian University. A graduate of law studies at the Faculty of Law and Administration of the Jagiellonian University. In 2017, he defended a doctoral dissertation entitled “Joint administration of copyright”, for which he won the Minister of Science and Higher Education Prize in a competition for the best thesis in intellectual property law organized by the Polish Patent Office.
Currently, a lecturer at the Jagiellonian University on copyright law, intellectual property law, Internet law and contracts related to intellectual property law. Michał Markiewicz is an attorney-at-law, member of the Cracow Bar and partner of Markiewicz & Sroczyński law firm. Editor of the scientific periodical “Jagiellonian University Journal of IP Law”.
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Machala_Wojciech

Wojciech Machała, Ph.D.

University of Warsaw

Dr. Machała delivered a presentation entitled "Quotation in academic works."

Assistant Professor in the Institute of Civil Law at the University of Warsaw.
Academic faculty, specialist in civil law, attorney.
He graduated from the University of Warsaw’s Department of Civil Law and Administration where he continued pursuing his academic career.
He obtained the title of Doctor of Legal Sciences in 1999, and a postgraduate degree (habilitation) in 2014 - the degree “doctor habilitus” granted on the basis of academic achievements and thesis entitled Work: Subject of Copyright.
The University of Warsaw lecturer on copyright and related rights, protection of intellectual property and law in the media. Academic editor and co-author of the commentary to the Act on Copyright and Related Rights released in 2019.
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avatar

Prof. Katarzyna Grzybczyk

University of Silesia in Katowice

Prof. Grzybczyk delivered an introductory lecture entitled "Challenges of Copyright Law in the Digital Era."

Faculty at the University of Silesia, Institute of Law (Faculty of Law and Administration); legal counsel, court mediator, arbitrator of the Court of Arbitration for Internet Domains.
She specializes in copyright law, advertising law and private international law, author of numerous publications in this field, including monographs:
- Advertising Work and Its Creator, Warsaw 1999.
- Advertising Law, Krakow 2004.
- The Law Applicable to the Copyright License Agreement, Warsaw 2010.
- Product Placement. Legal Issues, Warsaw 2012.
- The Creativity of Internet Users in the Light of Copyright Regulations with a Focus on Fanfiction, Warsaw 2015.
-Pop Culture Icons and Intellectual Property Law. How the Rich and Famous Protect Their Rights, Warsaw 2018.
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Dr Anna Chorążewska

Anna Chorążewska, Ph.D.

University of Silesia in Katowice

Dr. Chorążewska delivered a presentation entitled "Academic creativity as constitutionally-protected value and reliable attribution of authorship of academic works based on research in the sciences."

Assistant Professor in the Institute of Law, Faculty of Law and Administration of the University of Silesia, attorney in Chorążewska, Bielesz and Partners Company of Advocates, Legal Counsels and Patent Attorneys located in Bielsko Biała.
Academic lecturer specializing in constitutional law. In her publications, she addresses the problematics of the system of exercising power related to the constitutional status of an individual in the state, and the protection of the rights and freedoms of the individual, as well as the constitutional status of local government in Poland. Her current research interests include questions of intellectual property rights, specifically the problematics of protecting academic work.
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Pron

Prof. Adam Proń

Warsaw University of Technology

Prof. Proń will deliver a presentation entitled "Attribution of authorship in chemistry publications: ordinary and singular cases."

Since 1993, Professor, Warsaw University of Technology. Affiliated with the Chemistry Department, Warsaw University of Technology (Faculty of Polymer Chemistry and Technology). He conducts research in the field of organic electroactive materials and nanocrystals of inorganic semiconductors. He obtained his Ph.D. in 1980 at the University of Pennsylvania, working with Alan G. Macdiarmida, a Nobel Laureate of 2000. Habilitation in 1988, Professor title in 1993. In the years 1998-2012, employed at the Atomic Energy Commission in Grenoble (directeur de recherche).
A member of the Identification Team for the Members of the Council of the National Science Center (2008-12); a member of the Central Commission for Degrees and Titles, Section V of Mathematical, Physical, Chemical and Earth Sciences (Chemical Sciences - Chemistry) in the 2016-20 term; a member of the Ethics Committee of the Foundation for Polish Science. In 2002, he received the Foundation for Polish Science Award in the field of technical sciences for his work on conductive polymers. In 2019, he received the Medal of Jędrzej Śniadecki, the highest distinction of the Polish Chemical Society, for outstanding scientific achievements of global importance. Editor of the “Synthetic Metals” journal published by Elsevier publishing house.
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Prof. dr hab. Robert Hołyst

Prof. Robert Hołyst

Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw

Professor Hołyst delivered a speech entitled "The role of the research group leader (mentor) and the attribution process of scientific works on the example of theoretical and experimental sciences."

Full professor since 1998. Head of the Department of Soft Condensed Matter, Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw, Head of the Soft Condensed Matter research group at the Institute. Served as a director (2011-2015) of the Institute of Physical Chemistry PAS. Author and co-author of three monographs on thermodynamics, 260 publications as well as 40 patents.

He specializes in statistical thermodynamics, polymer chemistry, physical chemistry of soft matter. His research interests evolved from purely theoretical physics, via experimental chemistry to biological experiments. He is currently involved in research describing the motion of probes in cells, aging of cells, death at the nanoscale and systems far from equilibrium making theory, computer simulations and experiments.
Member of the Science Evaluation Commission (for the term 01.03.2019-31.12.2022).

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Fialkowski

Karol Fijałkowski, Ph.D.

University of Warsaw

Dr. Fijałkowski delivered a presentation entitled "The problematics of protecting scientific creativity and industrial property law in the context of technology transfer."

Doctor of chemistry (degree obtained with distinction at the University of Warsaw).
Affiliated with the Center of New Technologies, University of Warsaw and the University Center of Technology Transfer (University of Warsaw). He has many years of academic experience in scientific research at the University of Warsaw and in international scientific centers, including Åbo Akademi University, The Czech Academy of Sciences, and Cambridge University. Author of over 20 scientific publications and 3 inventions, leader of 5 scientific projects, recipient of the START FNP Scholarship and the Ministry of Science and Higher Education Scholarship for outstanding young scientists.
As a patent attorney, he specializes in chemical, mechanical, and pharmaceutical inventions. He supports UOTT UW in matters of patent applications in the domestic and international procedure.
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Johann_Jacquemin

Johan Jacquemin, Ph.D.

Tours University (France)

Dr. Jacquemin delivered a talk titled "Evø(a)lu(a)tion of Scientific Research. A Look Through an Editor’s Eye."

Prof. Johan Jacquemin
Associate Professor in Thermodynamics at the School of Chemistry at Tours University (France) and visiting professor at Queen’s University Belfast (UK), University of Manchester (UK) and Mohammed VI Polytechnic University (Morocco). Since 2016, he is acting as a Guest Editor for various journals and more recently as the associate editor of the Journal of Solution Chemistry. He has a wide experience in the design, formulation and characterization of novel materials and in a wide range of techniques for various applications including energy storage, noxious gases capture, separation and utilization, liquid-liquid and vapor-liquid extractions. He has further expertise in the development of in-house property databanks, the design of novel and original experimental apparatus and physical models able to predict properties of novel materials and design of viable chemical engineering process.
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Pedersen

Prof. David Budtz Pedersen

Aalborg University Copenhagen

Prof. Pedersen delivered a speech on "Research Impact and Quality Assessment Beyond Bibliometrics."

Professor & Head of Research at Humanomics Research Centre, Aalborg University Copenhagen. He is Principal Investigator for the project Mapping the Public Value of Humanities (2016-2019). His research focuses on science and innovation policy and management, and on developing new methods and practices for strengthening the impact of research in society. Dr. Pedersen is Strategic Adviser to the Danish Ministry of Higher Education and Science. He holds PhD, MA and BA degrees in philosophy and science policy studies. He has about 150 entries on his list of publications ranging from research papers, research monographs, edited volumes, policy reports, op-ed columns and newspaper contributions. He has an international public presence with outreach activities in science policy, speaking frequently on the topic of research evaluation, social science and humanities, and the use of metrics. He is the recipient of competitive grants from the Danish Council for Independent Research (2008-2011), The Velux Foundation (2012-2019), The Danish Ministry of Higher Education and Science (2016-2017), The European Commission Horizon 2020 (2016-2019) and The Obel Family Foundation (2016-2019). He tweets as @HumanomicsMap.
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Besselaar

Prof. Peter van den Besselaar

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

Prof. van den Besselaar delivered a speech on "Performance, evaluation, and the organization of research."

Full professor at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Department of Organization Sciences and the Network Institute. Research director at Teresa Mom Consultancy, Amsterdam.
His research focuses on the organization, governance and dynamics of science. Apart from that he is strongly interested in the use of computational methods and big data in social research. He also does some research in the field of social informatics.

Previously active at the University of Amsterdam, the department of social informatics (1982-2002), later on in the Royal Netherland Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW until 2010), which he combined with the positions of an endowed communication science chair at the University of Amsterdam (2004-2009), and endowed science policy research chair at the VU University (2009-2014).
He studied mechanical engineering, mathematics and philosophy. Holds a PhD in informatics (Faculty of Psychology, University of Amsterdam).

More about Peter: http://www.vandenbesselaar.net

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Sivertsen

Prof. Gunnar Sivertsen

Nordic Institute for Studies in Innovation, Research and Education

Prof. Sivertsen delivered a speech on "Internationalization, societal relations and research evaluation in the social sciences and humanities."

Research Professor and Head of Bibliometric Research at the Nordic Institute for Studies in Innovation, Research and Education (NIFU) in Oslo, Norway. Sivertsen established bibliometrics as a field of research in Norway in 1989 and has since then published frequently in the core journals of the field with publications cited up to 272 times (within Web of Science).

Based on his research results and competences, Sivertsen has contributed to science-based innovation in the development and use of indicators. He has impacted not only the development within the academic field of scientometrics and research evaluation, but also advised and influenced the development of the research system in several countries in direct interaction with governments, institutions and other stakeholders outside of the academic community.
Sivertsen is also specialized in 18th Century literature and the works of Ludvig Holberg (1684-1754); has a PhD in Scandinavian literature from the University of Oslo.

Source: https://www.elsevier.com/icsr/advisory-board/dr-sivertsen

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Beiner

Prof. Theresa Beiner

UA Little Rock William H. Bowen School of Law

Prof. Beiner delivered a speech titled "The Role of Interdisciplinary Research and Writing in International and U.S. Publishing."

Dean of the William H. Bowen School of Law, UA Little Rock (Arkansas, USA). Beiner was appointed as Bowen’s first permanent female dean on July 1, 2018. She previously served as the law school’s Associate Dean of Faculty Development and as the Associate Dean of Academic Affairs. Joined the faculty in 1994 from private practice as an associate with the San Francisco law firm. Earned her BA in 1986 (University of Virginia) and JD in 1989 (Northwestern University). She is interested in civil rights and how those rights are furthered or thwarted in the adjudication process. Her courses include Civil Procedure, Constitutional Law, Federal Jurisdiction, Employment Discrimination, Gender and the Law, and a Seminar on Sexual Harassment Law. Her research interests dovetail well with the courses she teaches and thereby inform her teaching. She writes in the areas of anti-discrimination law, the interaction between civil procedure and civil rights law, women in the legal profession, and federal judicial appointments. She has won the Faculty Excellence Awards in both teaching and scholarship.

More about Prof. Beiner: https://ualr.edu/law/faculty/faculty-members/theresa-m-beiner/

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Ismael Rafols photo

Ismael Rafols Ph.D.

Centre for Science and Technology Studies (CWTS), the University of Leiden

Dr Rafols delivered a talk titled "Contextualization for Responsible Metrics."

Senior researcher at the Centre for Science and Technology Studies (CWTS) of the University of Leiden, and associate faculty at the Science Policy Research Unit (SPRU) of the University of Sussex. His research focuses on methods for informing evaluation, research strategies, in particular fostering the use of more plural S&T indicators. He has participated in initiatives on responsible and inclusive metrics, such as the Leiden Manifesto or discussions on biases in research evaluation regarding marginalised topics and regions.
He also works on research priority setting in relation to societal needs, especially on the social contributions of research in areas such as agriculture and health, for example in issues such as bird flu or obesity.
Ismael received a PhD in biophysics (Tohoku, Japan) and an MSc in S&T Policy (SPRU, Sussex). He also worked in international cooperation for Oxfam (NGO for development) and the City Council of Barcelona.
More information at: http://www.ingenio.upv.es/en/Ismael-Rafols
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ORGANIZING COMMITEE

Justyna Janiszewska foto

Justyna Janiszewska
Executive Director of the Polish-U.S. Fulbright Commission

Jacek Zrałek
Assistant professor at the Institute of Law, Faculty of Law and Administration of the University of Silesia, Fulbright program alumnus

Katarzyna Grzybczyk

Associate professor at the Institute of Law, Faculty of Law and Administration of the University of Silesia

Dr Anna Chorążewska

Anna Chorążewska

Assistant professor at the Institute of Law, Faculty of Law and Administration of the University of Silesia

ORGANIZERS

WPIA_US logo
Fundacja Facultas Iuridica
Polsko-Amerykańska Komisja Fulbrighta

PATRONAGE

Constitutional Law Review

SPONSOR

The conference is co-financed by the U.S. Department of State.

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